James Gardner was born in Liverpool, England in 1962, and during the 1980s played keyboards for his group The Umbrella and thereafter for a variety of well-known artists, both live and in the studio, as well as writing and arranging music in many groups, including Pete Shelley’s band and Howard Devoto’s band Luxuria. In 1990 he co-founded the band and remix team Apollo 440, reworking tracks by artists such as U2 and Scritti Politti.
From his mid-teens, writing notated music had formed a parallel stream to these activities, and in 1991 his solo piano piece Shattered Blue Ground, played by Joanna MacGregor, was runner-up in the Huddersfield Contemporary Music Festival Composers’ Competition. Following encouragement from Michael Finnissy, James left Apollo 440 in 1993 in order to concentrate on composition, and in the same year attended Brian Ferneyhough’s classes at the Viitasaari Summer Academy in Finland.
James moved to New Zealand in 1994, and became a New Zealand Citizen in February 2001. In 1996 he set up the contemporary music ensemble 175 East, which he directed until April 2010. During that time the group gained an international reputation and gave many acclaimed world premiere performances of music by New Zealand and overseas composers.
James was the recipient of the 2003 CANZ Trust Fund Award, awarded annually for compositional achievement by the Composers’ Association of New Zealand. He was the inaugural Creative New Zealand-Victoria University composer-in-residence from 2004-2005 and was holder of the Trans-Tasman Composer Exchange residency for 2005/2006, during which he worked with Australia’s premier new music ensemble ELISION.
In addition to his compositional work, James is an active broadcaster on music, having written, compiled and presented well-received series on Electronic Music, Frank Zappa, Morton Feldman, Iannis Xenakis, the Moog Synthesizer, and the James Bond soundtracks of John Barry – all for the wonderfully eclectic Radio New Zealand Concert.
As a teacher, Gardner has lectured on music at the University of Auckland, Unitec Institute of Technology and the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, where he is currently an Adjunct Senior Fellow.
James is also an irregular performer in the Vitamin-S evenings of improvised music in Auckland.
for clarinet and ensemble, 14m
for solo clarinet
for piano trio
for flute, clarinet in A and trombone, 1m
for bass clarinet and viola, 11m
for any member of the clarinet family, 1m
for solo violin, 1m
for solo viola, 1m
for any member of the oboe family, 1m
for solo bassoon, 2m
for solo saxophone, 2m
for solo guitar
for solo cello, 1m 30s
for solo trumpet
for speaking pianist and electronics
for chamber quintet, 16m
for piano and string quartet, 8m
for flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, percussion, piano, violin, viola, cello and double bass, 9m
for clarinet and percussion, 7m
microscore for bass flute, bass clarinet and bass trombone, 1m
for clarinet in A and string quartet, 7m
for chamber ensemble, 1m
for bass clarinet and cello, 1m
microscore for percussion, double bass, bass trombone and bass clarinet, 30s
for bass clarinet, bass trombone, vibraphone and double bass, 1m
for 19-division trumpet and percussion
for piano, horn and ensemble, 8m
for piano, 2m 30s
for piano, 2m
for solo violin
for bass clarinet, 15m
for bass clarinet and percussion, 1m
for piano, 9m
for chamber sextet
violin concerto for ensemble, 17m
for clarinet (any transposition) and percussion, 10m
for E flat clarinet, A clarinet and bass clarinet, 1m
for a cappella choir (13 or 14 parts), 4m
for solo bass clarinet and orchestra, 11m
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